In Von Saher v. Norton Simon Museum of Art at Pasadena, The Ninth Circuit recently affirmed its commitment to allow plaintiffs to pursue claims for the restitution of art looted by the Nazis in World War II. The case concerns plaintiff Marei Von Saher’s attempts to recover two life-sized panels depicting Adam and Eve, painted by Lucas Cranach the Elder in 1530, acquired by Von Saher’s father-in-law in 1931, and allegedly sold in a forced sale during World War II. Years later, the paintings were acquired by the Norton Simon Museum in Pasadena, California. The lower court dismissed Von Saher’s case, first filed in 2007, holding that her claims were preempted by the federal government’s exclusive power to conduct foreign affairs (the “foreign affairs” doctrine). In a 2-1 decision, the Ninth Circuit reversed and remanded, holding that Von Saher’s claims, rather than conflicting with foreign policy, were more properly characterized as “a dispute between private parties” – an heir and a museum.